Agriculture and farming are intertwined, and farming today is impossible without a tractor. For farming, a tractor is a crucial piece of equipment. Additionally, buying a tractor requires a substantial investment because tractors are becoming increasingly sophisticated. Farmers who own tractors want them to survive for a long time because some can’t afford them. Only with the tractor being properly maintained would this occur. The question of how to maintain a tractor now emerges. To address your query, we are here with a tractor maintenance manual.
You must first study the tractor’s manual, which is included with the machine. You can find all the specific tractor inspection and maintenance advice in that manual. It will direct you and assist with tractor maintenance.
The standard tractor maintenance inspections are included below.
1. After the engine has cooled down for 15 minutes, check the oil level in the engine. If you discover the following, you should refill the oil level with an accurate level mark.
2. Inspect the water level in your tractor’s radiator and top it out if necessary.
3. Inspect the pipes and wires for damage, leaks, and looseness. Small or large leaks may only need to be fixed by replacing or tightening tubes or drain plugs.
4. Look for any water or debris in the glass sediment bowl located below the fuel filter. Some of the newest tractor models also need to have their windows and obstructions checked for hydraulic reservoir fluid levels.
After 60-70 hours of fieldwork, you should: Perform a weekly inspection of your tractor.
1. Fill the tractors tank with fuel while carrying out the daily maintenance and inspection task.
2. Verify the tractor’s tyres’ air pressure. Get the necessary air if the air pressure is low.
3. Examine the fan belt’s suppleness by applying pressure with the thumb. It should be able to stretch between 12 and 18 millimetres.
4. Clean the air pressure and add the proper grade of oil.
5. The drain plug must be used once a week to remove the water built up in the oil filter.
6. Inspect the battery’s water level. Fill it with distilled water if the water level is discovered to be below the limit.
7. Verify the oil level in the gearbox.
8. Grease the front wheel hub, tie rod, brake control, clutch shaft and bearings, fan bearing, and radius cross.
After 130-140 hours of fieldwork, you should: Perform Two Weeks Inspection Tasks for Your Tractor
1. Recite the maintenance programme each week.
2. Lubricate your tractor’s starter and dynamo with oil.
3. Clear the smoke tube of the carbon debris.
4. Oil the car’s engine. For this, leave the tractor in the starting position for a while, turn it off, and let the oil heat up completely. Then, drain the oil through the drain plug and replace it with new, pure oil of the proper grade.
5. Clean the oil filter made of metal. Replace them if the oil filter is made of paper, an element, fabric, etc.
6. Examine the clutch and brake functions; they should be 15mm long. Adapt it to the situation.
After 250 hours of fieldwork, you should perform a monthly inspection task for your tractor and:
1. Complete the Two-Week maintenance in its entirety.
2. If the primary diesel filter is recommended to be cleaned (in the tractor’s manual), clean it or replace it as necessary.
3. Clean the valve filters on the oil tank.
4. Verify the battery’s water level. Replace the battery or replenish it with distilled water if the relative density falls short of the required level.
After 500 hours of fieldwork, you should perform the following two-month tractor inspection task:
1. Repetition of the maintenance routine for the month.
2. Replace the other component of the diesel filter.
3. Have a qualified mechanic examine the diesel pump and injector.
4. To have a valve inspected, speak with your authorised dealer or a qualified mechanic.
5. Inspect the self-starter and the dynamo.
6. Vacuum the oil tank completely.
Performing a tractor inspection every three months after working in the field for 1000–1200 hours entails:
1. Comply with the maintenance schedule every two months.
2. Drain the gearbox’s oil and replace it with clean oil of the proper quality.
3. Remove the back axle’s oil and replace it with fresh oil.
4. Replace the belt oil.
5. Clean the hydraulic pump’s filter.
6. Refresh the steering fluid.
7. Replace the front wheel’s grease.
Why Is Tractor Upkeep Important?
Regular tractor maintenance is crucial for a variety of reasons. First, regular maintenance will extend the life of your tractor. You may reduce the likelihood of minor issues becoming major ones by keeping them clean and well-maintained. In other words, fixing minor faults right away will save you money over waiting for them to balloon into expensive repairs.
Second, regular maintenance will significantly ease your workload when you need to rely on your tractor to complete a challenging task (for example, fall mowing). Poorly maintained tractors frequently break down when you least expect it and can least afford it.
Third, performing routine maintenance may prevent injuries. It is possible to link many tractor injuries to mechanical or security problems that may have been avoided with proper, routine maintenance.
Last but not least, safety is a particularly crucial justification for equipment maintenance. Surprisingly, a lot of farm mishaps occur because worn-out machinery malfunctions just when it’s needed the most. Why do I say that? In many instances, the accident might have been prevented if the equipment in question had received the necessary maintenance. For instance, while mowing, a belt could break, sending flying debris that could cause injury. Or perhaps while you’re performing rotary tillage, a rusty PTO shaft breaks suddenly.
Perform regular maintenance on your tractor, notably pre-monsoon and pre-winter checks. Treat your tractor well, and it will reward you with productive results in your business. You will also have a nice-looking, well-kept tractor that you will like operating and selling for a fair price when the time comes. Please pay close attention to the tiny things because they matter; you’ll have a much better tenure experience overall.